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The Armorial Bearings of the City of Carlisle Print E-mail
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The Armorial Bearings of the City of Carlisle
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   I find this same coat, having the base wavy of four, on a stone in the wall of the Corporation House at King Garth, with this inscription: –

GEORGE PATTINSON
Esqr. Mayor of the City
of CARLISLE and
Mr JOHN BROWN Mr
GEORGE SOWERBY
Bayliffs 1751.


   I further find this same coat with the Castle, &c., or what is intended for it, on a silver cup belonging to the Guild of Butchers at Carlisle, and presented to them by William Nanson of London, in 1791. This instance is remarkable, as having no base wavy, and as having a crest, viz., a Standard displayed argent, thereon a cross gules – the Standard of St. George of England! What may be the authority for this I know not. This same coat of arms, whose history we are following, crops up again on a plate in the second volume of Hutchinson’s History of Cumberland, published by F. Jollie in 1794. This plate is very curious; [g] it was drawn by Carlile, a well-known local artist, and engraved by James Lewis. It is perfectly clear that none of those concerned in its production knew anything of heraldry; except, perhaps, how to represent the tinctures by scoring. The plate contains five oval views of buildings in Carlisle, and round the central one (a view of the Cathedral) are ranged eight coats of arms. Six of these are most clearly taken from the second edition of Speed’s Map, for Speed’s meanless scoring, which resembles purpure, is

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[g]  A key to this plate is in the book, viz., “A List and description of the Engravings.” It follows the list of Subscribers, and precedes the Index. It is paged 5, and gives the arms as “No. 1, James Hay, E. of Carlisle; 2, Henry Clifford, E. of Carlisle; 3, Henry Fitz David, E. of Carlisle; 4, the City Arms; 5, Marcatus, E. of Carlisle; 6, Ranulph Meschines, first E. of Carlisle; 7, Andrew de Harcla, E. of Carlisle; 8, Prince Rupert, Duke of Cumberland.  N.B. – We have not attempted a chronological arrangement of the Earls, as we have not met with any record of the subject. For the arms of the present Earl of Carlisle, see the view of Naworth Castle.”

   I doubt if Hutchinson or Jollie ever looked for any records at all.

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