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The Armorial Bearings of the City of Carlisle
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These are tricked with letters. The chequers and fesse of Clifford he does not trick at all, but the alternate squares he scores with the notation for purpure, clearly meaning nothing, for the chequers of Clifford, are well known to be Or and Az.  I am writing with both editions of Speed’s map before me. The second edition is from the same plate, on which the two additional coats of arms have been cut; the three red escutcheons carried by Hay are scored purpure-wise, though clearly the scoring does not denote purpure. The importance of this digression will appear presently.

   To return to the coat of arms we are discussing, viz., the Castle between two roses, the base wavy, and the chief of England. This is assigned to Carlisle, in a Manuscript Book in the College of Arms, called “Arms of Towns,” which is of the date of Charles II., and which Mr. Bellasis, the learned and courteous Bluemantle Pursuivant of Arms (to whom I am much indebted for information), informs me is of “no high authority.” It appears again on an anonymous Itinerary [e] in my possession, of a date apparently late in the 17th century, or early in the 18th. The tinctures are here denoted by scoring, and the base is wavy of four Arg: and Az.  It appears again in an anonymous book, published in London in 1713, entitled “The Arms or Common Seals of the Cities and Borough Towns in England and Wales.” It is in Cox’s Magna Britannia, published in 1720, with the base wavy of four argent, and azure, and the lion on the chief passant to the sinister! It occurs in Guillim, edition of 1724, but not in the editions of 1660, 1664, or in earlier ones. [f] It occurs in Buck’s View of Carlisle, 1745, where the base is wavy of four, argent and sable.


[e]  The anonymous Itinerary is a page from “Britannia Depicta, or Ogilvy Improved, being a correct copy of Mr. Ogilvy’s Actual Survey of all ye Direct and Principal Cross Roads in England and Wales.” John Ogilvy was cosmographer and master of His Majesty’s Revels in Ireland; author of “Britannia, or an illustration of the Kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales; by a geographical and historical description of the principal roads thereof.  London, 1675.”

[f]  I do not know about the edition of 1679.